Robert Osterhoudt

Bobby's Bolgia

 

                                 

 

  Bobby's Biographical Profile

Bob Osterhoudt was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. in 1942. After three years in the United States Army, he won B.S. and M.S. degrees from the Pennsylvania State University and a Ph.D. degree from the University of Illinois. He was for more than thirty years a professor of humanistic subjects (mainly historical and philosophical subjects concerning sport) at Lock Haven (Pennsylvania) State College (where he was also the head cross-country and track and field coach), State University of New York at Brockport (where he was too the head track and field coach), University of Minnesota, Arizona State University, and Semmelweis University (on Fulbright Fellowship in Budapest, Hungary). He has lectured in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia, as well as in North America; has taught, conducted research, and directed graduate theses and dissertations in the United States; and has published widely in national and international contexts. His acclaimed The Philosophy of Sport: An Overview is a strictly philosophical analog of Sport as a Form of Human Fulfillment: An Organic Philosophy of Sport History. He was the (founding) Editor of the foremost journal in his field, Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, has been President of the leading organization in his field, International Association for the Philosophy of Sport, and has won the Commendation for Research in the International Carl Diem Contest (from the German Sports Federation). For more than sixty-five years, he has also participated in track and field athletics, variously at the interscholastic, intercollegiate, club, military, and masters levels; has been a state champion (and record holder), regional champion, national champion (and record holder), continental champion, and world medalist, principally at the masters level in the hurdles, hammer throw, and decathlon; has achieved All-American masters distinction in the hurdles, jumps, throws, pentathlon, throws pentathlon, and decathlon; and was the Grand Canyon (Arizona) State Games Male Athlete-of-the-Year in 1999.

 

      

 Bobby's Most Recent Book

           

     Sport as a Form of Human Fulfillment: An Organic Philosophy of Sport History

Volume 1 (978-1-41204-659-6; 2006; 452 pages; $30.95)

Volume 2 (978-1-42692-751-5; 2006; 396 pages; $28.00)

Robert G. Osterhoudt

Trafford Publishing Company, 1663 Liberty Drive, Bloomington, Indiana 47403, U.S.A.; 1-888-232-4444 (tel); 1-812-355-4082 (fax); click here to review my book at Trafford Publishing

The principal subject of this modest manuscript is sport. Few subjects are more widely acclaimed, touch the popular imagination more deeply, but are less earnestly studied than sport. What little reflective thought has been devoted to the subject has been of a largely scientific (as distinct from a humanistic) type. Most of this thought concerns the biological, psychological, or sociological character of the activity as against its historical or philosophical dimensions. Although rarely spoken of in exacting historical or philosophical terms, an authentic understanding, appreciation, and practice of sport nonetheless depend necessarily on accounts that show its origin and development (on historical accounts) as well on accounts that reveal its essential nature and purpose (on philosophical accounts). Together, historical and philosophical interpretations of sport -- the so-termed humanistic perspectives of sport -- demonstrate the basic place of sport in human life, the basic place of sport in the full relief of human experience as such. These accounts disclose what sport has been and what it is ultimately for. They reveal the grounding charms of sport in distinctly human terms and they also illumine the wider character of humanity itself (insofar as humanity has expressed itself as persistently as it has in sporting terms). Humanistic interpretations of the sort here advocated demonstrate both that sport forms an integral aspect of human experience and that it is also a fundamental expression of that experience. In the creative flow of human activity, sport has had a conspicuous (if a formally neglected) place and it therefore figures importantly in any serious examination of genuine human experience.

The purpose of this manuscript is to show, in broad overview, the origin, development, nature, and purpose of sport from its first appearance in the ancient primitive world to its elaborate place in contemporary modern civilization; to give a systematic and comprehensive account of sport as a function of the cultural events that have embodied it throughout its occasion in human affairs; and to do all of this under the interpretive gaze of an organic world view. The result is a synthetic precis of the accomplished historical and philosophical literature's collective judgment concerning sport in the wide context of human culture from the perspective of the organic thesis. The result is an organic philosophy of (world) sport history in which the essential factors (the characteristic and decisive factors, the dominant tendencies) concerning the origin, development, nature, and purpose of human culture and its sporting attributes are dutifully recounted and reflectively interpreted. According to the organic thesis of life and sport, it is only by way of such a result that sport can be plausibly connected to the end of distinctly human experience and that human life itself can be waged in full accord with its own most basic and endearing tendencies.

The text works principally off of the encyclopedic and humanistic orientations of Hegel's organic metaphysics and philosophy of history. It thus begins with an account of the development of the physical world and of life in its various forms. It then turns to an examination of the origins and development of human culture in the ancient, medieval, and modern periods with special attention to sport. The governing argument of the text concludes that it is in the organic inclinations of the ancient, medieval, and modern eras that sport comes to its highest realization; it is in these inclinations that sport:

  • overcomes the stylish claims against it as a plastic thing (among other plastic things) that secures strictly instrumental aims;
  • acts in full accord with its own most basic nature and purpose, with its own fundamentally playful nature and purpose;
  • gets linked to the mainstream of human life and contributes meaningfully to the living of an authentically human existence;
  • becomes a form of distinctly and uniquely human expression, a form of intrinsic human expression, a form of universal and fundamental human expression, not altogether unlike the arts;
  • becomes an embodiment of our most compelling ideals, an embodiment by which neither our intellectual nor our bodily aspects are either indulged or overcome, but proportionately edified; and thus
  • becomes a form of human fulfillment as such.

 

CONTENTS

Volume I

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

GEO-BIOLOGICAL ORIGINS: known universe; Big Bang; Milky Way; solar system; Earth; continental crusts; continental drift; climate; atmosphere; plant life; microorganisms; animal life; hominidae; homo habilis; homo erectus; homo sapiens; homo sapiens sapiens; continental glaciation; migrations

ANCIENT PRIMITIVE CULTURE AND SPORT: Paleolithic (Old) Stone Age; Neolithic (New) Stone Age; agricultural revolution; animal husbandic revolution; ceramic revolution; metallurgical revolution; linguistic revolution; socio-political revolution; major cultural and linguistic groups; gentile society; sport of gentile society (ancient primitive sport)

ANCIENT CIVILIZATION AND SPORT: civil society; sport of civil society

Sumerian Culture and Sport

Egyptian Culture and Sport: Old Kingdom; Middle Kingdom; New Kingdom/Empire

Indian Culture and Sport: Hinduism; Buddhism; Jainism

Chinese Culture and Sport: Taoism; Confucianism

Babylonian and Assyrian Culture and Sport: First Babylonian Empire; Second, or New, Babylonian, or Chaldean, Empire; Old Assyrian Empire; Middle Assyrian Empire; New Assyrian Empire; Hittite culture

Israeli Culture and Sport: Kingdom of Israel; Judaism

Persian Culture and Sport: Median Empire; Persian Empire; Zoroastrianism

Greek Culture and Sport

The proto-Greek period: Cycladic culture; Minoan civilization; Mycenaean civilization; Phoenicia; Dorian migration

The geometric period: Greek religion; European epic literature

The archaic period: city-states; oligarchic forms of political organization; tyrannies; democracies; architecture and sculpture; lyric poetry; Western philosophy; formalization of ancient Greek sport; local athletic festivals; national athletic festivals; Olympic Games; Pythian Games; Isthmian Games; Nemean Games

The classical period: Persian Wars; Peloponnesian War; Corinthian War; Theban Wars; conflicts with Macedonia; Greek democracy; Greek Enlightenment; political society; philosophy; architecture and sculpture; drama and poetry; historical scholarship; music; athletic ideal of ancient Hellenism; sport of political society; educational sport; decline of Greek culture and sport

The Hellenistic period: Macedonian conquests; Hellenization of the civilized world; Wars of the Diadochi; Roman conquest; mathematics and science; literature and philosophy; plastic art; sport

Etruscan and Roman Culture and Sport: Etruscan culture; Etruscan sport; origins of ancient Roman culture; patricians and plebeians; Samnite Wars; conflict with the Celts; Punic Wars; Macedonian Wars; Republic; Empire; Julio-Claudian Imperial Dynasty; Flavian Imperial Dynasty; "good" emperors; Severi; Illyrian emperors; Western Empire; Eastern Empire; Christianity; early Judeo-Christian philosophy; institutional history of early Christianity; intellectual orientation of ancient Rome; Roman religion; Roman education; Roman poetry and drama; Roman historical scholarship; Roman philosophy; Roman science; Roman architecture; Roman sculpture and painting; Roman sport; military camps; baths; athletic festivals; circuses; gladiatorial combats

Mayan, Aztecan, and Incan Culture and Sport: Mayan culture; Aztecan culture; Incan culture; sport of these cultures

MEDIEVAL CIVILIZATION AND SPORT

Early Medieval Culture and Sport: Germanic tribes; Jutes; Angles; Saxons; Danish Vikings; Norwegian Vikings; Swedish Vikings; Franks; Carolingian Empire; Carolingian Renaissance; Saxon emperors; Frankish Salian emperors; Byzantine Empire; Slavic tribes; nomadic, mounted, Eurasian tribes; feudalism; chivalric movement; Judaic divinism; Christian divinism; monasticism; Christian philosophy; Christian art; sport in Christian (and Judaic) communities; Tailteann Games; Islamic divinism; Omayyad Dynasty; Abbasid Dynasty; visual arts of the Islamic Arabs; literary and philosophical achievements of medieval Islam; Islamic view of sport

Late Medieval Culture and Sport: centralization of government; royal law; Ottonian Empire; Germany; Hohenstaufen; elective German monarchies; Capetian Empire; France; House of Valois; One Hundred Years War; Anglo-Norman Empire; England; House of Anjou-Plantagenet; House of Lancaster; War of the Roses; House of York; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Italy; Spain; Swiss Confederation; Kingdom of Burgundy; Hungary; Bohemia; Lithuania; Poland; Russia; Bulgaria; Greater Serbian State; Byzantine Turkey; Crusades; lyric romances; secular music; tournaments; sport practiced in inns, taverns, and holiday fairs/festivals; Highland Games; secularization of cultural life; resumption of trade; reestablishment of large urban centers; trade, craft, and merchant guilds; inception of the European universities; sporting recreations practiced in towns, guilds, and universities; dilution of papal authority; Great Schism; Papacy; germ of Protestant agitations; French sects; Lollards and Hussites; mendicant orders; attentions given to sport by monastic life; scholasticism; dissolution of scholasticism; Romanesque style; Romanesque orientation in architecture; music; Gothic style; architecture; sculpture and painting; music; literature; India; Islamic influence; Hindu influence; China; Mongols; Taoism and Buddhism; Confucianism; Chinese sport; southeast Asia; Korea; Japan; Shintoism; Zen Buddhism; Japanese sport

EARLY MODERN CIVILIZATION

Political Transformations: Italian city-states; Medici; Florence; Holy Roman Empire; German Empire; Hapsburgs; Switzerland; Brandenburg-Prussia; Hohenzollerns; War over Silesia; War of the Bavarian Succession; Austria; (Great) Turkish War; Austro-Hungarian Empire; War of the Austrian Succession; Portugal; Spain; War of the Spanish Succession; Netherlands; Dutch War of Independence; Poland; War of the Polish Succession; First Partition of Poland; Second Partition of Poland; Third Partition of Poland; Sweden; Denmark; Russia; Romanov Dynasty; Great Northern War; Ottoman Empire; England; House of Tudor; House of Stuart; English Civil War; House of Hanover; Seven Years War; United States of America; American Revolutionary War; France; House of Bourbon; French Revolution; First Republic; French Revolutionary Wars; First War of the Coalition; Second War of the Coalition; China; Ming Dynasty; Manchu (or Qing) Dynasty; Korea; Japan; Tokugawa Shogunate; India; Mogul Empire

The Reformations: Protestant Reformation; Catholic Counter-Reformation; Huguenot Wars; Great Peasant War; Thirty Years War

Economic Developments and Technological Innovations

Voyages of World Discovery and Colonialism: Portuguese expeditions; Spanish expeditions; principal European explorations of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; colonial empires; Asia; Americas; Africa; Oceania; virtual world wars

Humanism in the Arts and in Philosophy 

The visual arts: Renaissance standard of beauty; Florentine phase of the early Italian Renaissance; Venetian phase of the early Italian Renaissance; Burgundian phase of the early Renaissance; high Renaissance in central Italy; mannerism; Venetian high and late Renaissance; sixteenth-century German, Flemish, and Spanish painting; Baroque style; Italian Baroque; Flemish Baroque; French Baroque; Spanish Baroque; Dutch Baroque; English Baroque; naturalism; eighteenth-century architecture and sculpture; neo-classicism; Ming art; Mogul art

The musical arts: Renaissance music; Netherlander tradition; Italian tradition; Baroque music; Italian Baroque; French Baroque; English Baroque; German Baroque; classical music; balletic dance

The literary arts: French Renaissance literature; Dutch Renaissance literature; Italian Renaissance literature; Portuguese Renaissance literature; Spanish Renaissance literature; Elizabethan literary Renaissance; seventeenth-century English poetry; seventeenth-century French drama; English literary Enlightenment; German literary Enlightenment; French literary Enlightenment; literary achievements outside of Europe

Philosophy: Renaissance philosophy; fifteenth-century philosophy; early sixteenth-century philosophy; late sixteenth-century philosophy; seventeenth-century philosophy; empiricism; rationalism; eighteenth-century philosophy; French social and political philosophy; British and American social and political philosophy; continuing development of British empiricism; reconciliation of empiricism and rationalism

Discoveries in Mathematics and the Sciences: technical inventions; mathematics; physical sciences; biological sciences; social sciences

Educational and Sporting Developments: Renaissance education and physical education in southern Europe; Renaissance education and physical education in northern Europe; Renaissance physical education; education in Protestant terms; education in Catholic terms; Reformationist physical education and sport; Renaissance sport outside the schools; chivalric tournaments; football tournaments; modern tennis; modern golf; other major sports; principal multi-sport festival of the Renaissance; relation of Renaissance sport and class society; foremost political and intellectual figures of the Renaissance concerned with sport; dispersion of European Renaissance education and sport; seventeenth-century European education and physical education; eighteenth-century European education and physical education; seventeenth-century and eighteenth-century sport outside the schools; sporting recreations of native peoples; sporting recreations of indentured peoples; English/British sport; institutionalization of national and international sport; boxing; other major European sports; principal multi-sport festivals of early modern civilization; sporting experience of the colonial period in North America; sport in early modern Asia; foremost political and intellectual figures of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries concerned with sport

CONTEMPORARY MODERN CIVILIZATION

Political, Economic, and Social Developments

The period to the First World War: Napoleonic Wars; First Empire; Third War of the Coalition; Fourth War of the Coalition; Fifth War of the Coalition; Wars of Liberation; Congress of Vienna; Holy Alliance; liberal revolutions of the 1820s; Greek War of Independence; liberation of South America; liberation movements in central America and the Caribbean; United States of America of the early nineteenth century; War of 1812; revolutions of 1830-33; late 1830s and 1840s Great Britain; late 1830s and 1840s United States of America; Mexican War; late 1830s and 1840s Continental Europe; seminal development of contemporary modern socialism; Revolutions of 1848-49; Second Republic; beginnings of modern capital industrialism; technological innovations; origins of the modern labor movement; Crimean War; Great Britain from the mid-nineteenth century to the First World War; British colonial expansion; Boer War; opposition to British colonial adventures; Canada; Australia; House of Windsor; New Zealand; South Africa; France from the mid-nineteenth century to the First World War; Second Empire; Third Republic; French colonialism; Germany from the mid-nineteenth century to the First World War; Franco-Prussian War; Second German Empire; German colonial empire; Austro-Hungarian Empire; Italy from the mid-nineteenth century to the First World War; Risorgimento; House of Savoy; other major states of western Europe from the mid-nineteenth century to the First World War; Spain; Portugal; Switzerland; Low Countries; Scandinavian states; late nineteenth-century United States of America; American Civil War; Reconstruction; Spanish-American War; early twentieth-century United States of America; elsewhere in the world from the early nineteenth century to the First World War; Latin America; Caribbean; Africa; central and south Pacific; Asia; China; Opium War; Boxer Uprising; Japan; Meiji Restoration; First Sino-Japanese War; Russo-Japanese War; eastern Europe; Russia; First Russian Revolution; Middle East; Ottoman Empire; Balkans; First Balkan War; Second Balkan War

The period of the two World Wars and between: First World War; Axis Powers; Allied Powers; Second Russian Revolution; Treaty of Versailles; League of Nations; period between the two World Wars; transition to a peace economy; imaginative technologies and discoveries; Great Depression; United States of America; struggle between constitutional democracy and totalitarianism; Soviet Union; China; Germany; Weimar Republic; Third Reich; Italy; Spain; Spanish Civil War; Japan; Second Sino-Japanese War; Great Britain; British Empire/British Commonwealth of Nations; Ireland; France; elsewhere in Europe; modern socialist democracies; elsewhere in the world; Latin America; Second World War; war-time conferences; war-end treaties

The period since the Second World War: recovery from the War; technological innovation and imaginative discovery; bio-medical practice; communication and transportation; armaments; space exploration; environmental and animal-rights movements; global political and economic circumstance since the Second World War; Cold War; United States of America; Korean War; Cuba; Vietnam War; Persian Gulf War; Great Britain; Northern Ireland; South Africa; Middle East; Palestine/Israel; Asia; India; Oceania; Africa; Americas; France; French colonial empire; Algerian independence; Indo-Chinese independence; Spain; Portugal; Italy; elsewhere in southern Europe; Low Countries; Scandinavian northern Europe; Germany; Soviet Union; Afghan-Soviet War; Soviet republics; Soviet satellite system in eastern Europe; Hungarian Revolution; unaligned nations; Latin America; China; transnational/international political and trade organizations; United Nations

Intellectual Developments

The natural and social sciences: nineteenth-century mathematics; laws of electricity and electromagnetism; radioactivity; atomic structure; quantum theory; relativity theory; astronomy; unified field theory; twentieth-century mathematics; nuclear energy; geology; genetics; environmental accounts of biological evolution; study of disease; experimental psychology; behaviorism; psychoanalysis; Gestalt theory; experimental sociology; cultural anthropology; physical anthropology; archaeology

Philosophy, history, and literature: post-Kantain German (romantic) philosophy; romantic literature; British literary romanticism; French literary romanticism; German literary romanticism; Russian literary romanticism; Italian literary romanticism; American literary romanticism; neo-Kantianism; English idealism; American idealism; French idealism; Italian idealism; socio-political materialism; neo-Marxism; realist literature; British/Irish literary realism; French literary realism; American literary realism; Russian literary realism; Scandinavian literary realism; German literary realism; scientific materialism; positivism; German empiricism; utilitarianism; evolutionism; German phenomenology; English realism; American realism; process philosophy; pragmatism; analytic philosophy; existentialism; intuitionism; philosophical anthropology; French phenomenology; existential literature; cinema

The visual arts: neo-classical naturalism; romanticism; Spanish romanticism; French romanticism; English romanticism; realism; French realism; American realism; photography; impressionism; French impressionism; American impressionism; post-impressionism; material forms of post-impressionism; emotive-spiritual forms of post-impressionism; basic elements of post-modernism; abstractionism; fauvism; cubism; futurism; dada; surrealism; fantastic art; surrealism as such; expressionism; representational form of expressionism; Germanic expressionism; Mexican expressionism; abstract expressionism; Russian abstract expressionism; American abstract expressionism; pop-art movement; other major tendencies of the visual arts in the period since the Second World War

The musical and movement arts: romanticism; Germanic romanticism; French romanticism; Italian romanticism; realism; Russian realism; Bohemian realism; Romanian realism; Norwegian realism; Spanish realism; Finnish realism; romantic ballet; impressionism; abstractionism; abstract dance

Sporting Developments: affect of capital industrialism on sport; affect of technological revolution on sport; commercial tendencies of contemporary modern sport; affect of urbanization on sport; affect of immigration patterns on sport; rural and frontier sport; affect of nationalism on sport; affect of militarism on sport; affect of democratization on sport; enfranchisement of women in sport; expansion of sporting franchise for racial and aged minorities and for the handicapped; sport among indentured peoples; universal public education; cult of sporting celebriry-heroism; amateur-professional distinction in contemporary sport; foremost political, economic, and social figures of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries concerned with sport; affect of romanticism and realism on sport; affect of positivism, impressionism, and post-impressionism on sport; affect of relativism, skepticism, and abstractionism on sport; affect of existentialism and expressionism on sport

Contemporary modern physical education and closely related activities: German gymnastics; Swedish gymnastics; Danish gymnastics; French gymnastics; British gymnastics; Swiss gymnastics; American gymnastics; intramural sport movement; public and college gymnasia; professional preparation centers for physical education; professional organizations concerning physical education; conferences concerning physical education; international institutions concerning physical education; national, continental, and world societies devoted to the scholarly study of sport; distinguished professional research literature concerning physical education and sport; research-oriented departments and institutes of sport studies; Bohemian gymnastics; Russian gymnastics; muscular religiosity; playground, recreation, and camping movement; health, hygiene, fitness, and strength movement

Contemporary modern athletics to the First World War: aristocratic and bourgeois sport; pedagogical sport; proletarian sport; professional sport; military sport; national and international amateur sport; national multi-sport governing bodies; international multi-sport competitions; Nordic Games; Far Eastern Games; abortive attempts to revive the ancient Olympic Games; Cotswold Games; Highland Games; archaeological excavations at ancient Olympia; Pan-Hellenic Games; Much Wenlock Olympian Games; modern international Olympic movement; ideological groundwork of modern Olympism; institutionalization of modern Olympism; International Olympic Congress; International Olympic Committee; National Olympic Committees; 1896 Olympic Games; 1900 Olympic Games; 1904 Olympic Games; 1906 Olympic Games; 1908 Olympic Games; 1912 Olympic Games; blood sports; rodeo; polo; thoroughbred and harness horse racing; other forms of animal racing; equestrian; conquest, or nature, sports; track and field athletics; swimming and diving; gymnastics; archery; bowling; canoeing and kayaking; cycling; golf; modern pentathlon; rowing; shooting; weightlifting; yachting/sailing; skeleton, luge, and toboganning; speed skating; figure skating; Nordic skiing; alpine skiing; rugby; Australian-rules football; American-rules football; Gaelic-rules football; hurling; Canadian-rules football; soccer; cricket; baseball; softball; field hockey; lacrosse; ice hockey; bandy; water polo; basketball; volleyball; team handball; boxing; wrestling; martial arts; fencing; court handball; jai alai; racquets; squash; court tennis; lawn tennis; badminton; table tennis; billiards; croquet; curling; motor sports

                                                                           Volume II

Contemporary modern athletics during and between the two World Wars: sport in the periods of the two World Wars; military sport; Inter-Allied Games; sport in the period between the World Wars; relationship of the mass media and sport; expansion of sporting opportunities for women; workers' sport movement; industrial sport; Workers Olympics; expansion of sporting opportunities for racial, disabled, and aged minorities; aristocratic-bourgeois sport; school sport; national and international amateur sport; sport in central and South America; Italian sport; German sport; Japanese sport; Soviet sport; Chinese sport; international multi-sport competitions; Central American Caribbean Athletic Games; British Empire and Commonwealth Games; Far Eastern Games; World University Games; modern Olympic Games; 1916 Olympic Games; 1920 Olympic Games; Women's Olympic Games; Olympic Winter Games; 1924 Olympic Winter Games; 1924 Olympic Games; 1928 Olympic Winter Games; 1928 Olympic Games; 1932 Olympic Winter Games; 1932 Olympic Games; 1936 Olympic Winter Games; 1936 Olympic Games; 1940 Olympic Winter Games; 1940 Olympic Games; 1944 Olympic Winter Games; 1944 Olympic Games; blood sports; rodeo; polo; thoroughbred and harness horse racing; other forms of animal racing; equestrian; conquest, or nature, sports; track and field athletics; swimming and diving; synchronized swimming; gymnastics; archery; bowling; canoeing and kayaking; cycling; golf; modern pentathlon; roller skating; rowing; shooting; weightlifting; yachting/sailing; bobsledding; skeleton; luge; speed skating; figure skating; cross-country skiing; ski jumping; Nordic combined; alpine skiing; water skiing; rugby; American-rules football; Australian-rules football; Canadian-rules football; Gaelic-rules football; hurling; soccer; cricket; baseball; softball; field hockey; lacrosse; ice hockey; water polo; basketball; volleyball; team handball; boxing; wrestling; martial arts; fencing; tennis; table tennis; badminton; squash; handball; jai alai; billiards; croquet; curling; motor sports

Contemporary modern athletics since the Second World War: prodigious expansion of sporting activity; deepening commercialization, professionalization, and scientificization of sporting activity; violence in sport; performance-enhancing substances in sport; technological improvements in sporting equipment and facilities; scientific studies of sport; revolution in training methods and athletic technique; unrivaled standards of sporting excellence; relationship of the mass media and sport; countercultural movement concerning sport; mass sport movement; ongoing enfrachisement of women in sport; workers' sport movement; industrial sport; sporting opportunities for racial and ethnic minorities; indigenous sports; sporting opportunities for handicapped, aged, and homosexual minorities; creation of new sports; military sport; aristocratic-bourgeois sport; professional sport; school sport; national and international amateur sport; Soviet sport; Chinese sport; Cuban sport; South African sport; international multi-sport competitions; Asian Games; Pan-American Games; Pan-African Games; South American Games; modern Olympic Games; 1948 Olympic Winter Games; 1948 Olympic Games; 1952 Olympic Winter Games; 1952 Olympic Games; 1956 Olympic Winter Games; 1956 Olympic Games; 1960 Olympic Winter Games; 1960 Olympic Games; 1964 Olympic Winter Games; 1964 Olympic Games; 1968 Olympic Winter Games; 1968 Olympic Games; 1972 Olympic Winter Games; 1972 Olympic Games; 1976 Olympic Winter Games; 1976 Olympic Games; 1980 Olympic Winter Games; 1980 Olympic Games; 1984 Olympic Winter Games; 1984 Olympic Games; 1988 Olympic Winter Games; 1988 Olympic Games; 1992 Olympic Winter Games; 1992 Olympic Games; 1994 Olympic Winter Games; 1996 Olympic Games; 1998 Olympic Winter Games; 2000 Olympic Games; blood sports; rodeo; polo; thoroughbred and harness horse racing; other forms of animal racing; equestrian; conquest, or nature, sports; track and field athletics; swimming and diving; synchronized swimming; gymnastics; rhythmic gymnastics; archery; bowling; canoeing and kayaking; cycling; golf; modern pentathlon; roller skating; rowing; shooting; weightlifting; yachting/sailing; bobsledding; skeleton and luge; speed skating; figure skating; cross-country skiing; ski jumping; Nordic combined; biathlon; alpine skiing; freestyle skiing; water skiing; rugby; American-rules football; Australian-rules football; Canadian-rules football; Gaelic-rules football; hurling; soccer; sepak takraw; cricket; baseball; softball; field hockey; lacrosse; ice hockey; bandy; water polo; basketball; volleyball; team handball; boxing; wrestling; martial arts; fencing; tennis; table tennis; badminton; squash; handball; jai alai; billiards; croquet; curling; motor sports

CONCLUDING POSTSCRIPT

NOTES

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

 

 

Bobby's Other Publications

Nelson, Richard C. and Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Effects of Altered Slope and Speed on the Biomechanics of Running," Medicine and Sport, Vol. 6, No. 2 (1971), 220-224.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "High Above the Olympians," Journal of the Minnesota Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Fall 1972), 19-20; reprinted in Journal of the Pennsylvania Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Vol. 43, No. 1 (March 1973), 25.

Osterhoudt Robert G. "The Kantian Ethic as a Principle of Moral Conduct in Sport," Quest, No. 19 (January 1973), 118-123; reprinted in Osterhoudt, Robert G. (ed.). The Philosophy of Sport: A Collection of Original Essays. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1973, 282-291.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "On Keating on the Competitive Motif in Athletics and Playful Activity," Journal of the Center for Philosophic Exchange, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Summer 1973), 34-39; reprinted in Osterhoudt, Robert G. (ed.). The Philosophy of Sport: A Collection of Original Essays. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1973, 192-198; indexed in The Philosopher's Index, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Winter 1975), 113.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. A Descriptive Analysis of Research Concerning the Philosophy of Physical Education and Sport. Eugene, Oregon: Microform Publications, School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Oregon, 1973; publication of Osterhoudt, Robert G. "A Descriptive Analysis of Research Concerning the Philosophy of Physical Education and Sport." Unpublished Doctor's dissertation, University of Illinois, 1971; bibliography reprinted in Lenk, Hans. Leistungssport: Ideologie oder Mythos? Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1972.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "A Taxonomy for Research Concerning the Philosophy of Physical Education and Sport," Quest, No. 20 (June 1973), 87-91.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. (ed.). The Philosophy of Sport: A Collection of Original Essays. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1973; reviewed in Journal of the American Medical Association (June 10, 1974), Physical Medicine (Vol. 54, No. 2 [April 1975]), Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Journal (September-October 1975), Bibliography of Philosophy (Vol. 22, No. 1 [1975]), American Corrective Therapy Journal (Vol. 30, No. 6 [November-December 1976]).

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "An Hegelian Interpretation of Art, Sport, and Athletics," The Philosophy of Sport: A Collection of Original Essays. Robert G. Osterhoudt (ed.). Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1973, 326-359.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Equality and Sport," Minnesota Journal of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (Spring-Summer 1974), 10-11.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. (ed.). Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vol. 1 (September 1974).

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Modes of Philosophic Inquiry Concerning Sport: Some Reflections on Method," Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vol. 1 (September 1974), 137-141; indexed in The Philosopher's Index, Vol. 8 (1974), 1070-1071.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. A Brief History of Race Walking: Seventy Years on Road and Track. Blacksburg, Virginia: Southern, 1975; reviewed in Modern Athlete and Coach (Vol. 13, No. 6 [November 1975]), Athletics Weekly (January 31, 1976).

Osterhoudt, Robert G. (ed.). Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vol. 2 (September 1975).

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "A Comparative Biomechanical Analysis of Middle Distance Race Walking and Running," Modern Athlete and Coach, Vol. 13, No. 6 (November 1975), 21-23.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "To How a non-What (Concerning the Relationship of the Dimension of Content and Methodology within Sport Science)," Gymnasion: International Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Winter 1975), 10-12.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Toward an Idealistic Conception of Physical Education and Sport," The Physical Educator, Vol. 32, No. 4 (December 1975), 177-179.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Biomechanics of the 'Flat' Triple Jump Technique," Track Technique, No. 65 (September 1976), 2073-2074.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Sport, the University, and the Inclination to Self-Abolition," Sport Sociology Bulletin, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Fall 1976), 1-4.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Prometheus, the Olympic Games, and the Pursuit of Lost Ideals," Minnesota Journal of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Fall 1976), 18-19.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "In Praise of Harmony: The Kantian Imperative and Hegelian Sittlichkeit as the Principle and Substance of Moral Conduct in Sport," Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vol. 3 (September 1976), 65-81; reprinted in Gerber, Ellen W. and Morgan, William J. (eds.). Sport and the Body: A Philosophical Symposium. Second edition. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1979, 279-289.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Term 'Sport': Some Thoughts on a Proper Name," Gymnasion: International Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Summer 1977), 11-20; revised version published in Gerber, Ellen W. and Morgan, William J. (eds.). Sport and The Body: A Philosophical Symposium. Second edition. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1979, 4-10.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Body of Knowledge, Sport Studies," Sport Pedagogy: Content and Methodology. Herbert Haag (ed.). Baltimore: University Park Press, 1978, 29-34.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Physical Education and Sport. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes, 1978; bibliography reprinted in Philosophic Society for the Study of Sport. Bibliography: Philosophy of Sport. Buffalo, New York: Philosophic Society for the Study of Sport, 1978; reviewed in Choice (Vol. 15, No. 4 [June 1978]), Journal of Physical Education and Recreation (Vol. 49, No. 7 [September 1978]), Journal of the Philosophy of Sport (Vol. 5 [Fall 1978]), Physical Education Newsletter (No. 97 [October 1978]), Gymnasion: International Journal of Physical Education (Vol. 18, No. 2 [Summer 1981]).

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Pantheon: Olympism," Olympic Review, No. 127 (May 1978), 294-295.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Sport History Through Art," Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, Vol. 49, No. 6 (June 1978), 66; abstracted in Journal of Sport History, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Winter 1982), 61-62.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Language of Physical Education," Arizona Journal of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Fall 1978), 16.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The History and Philosophy of Sport: The Reunification of Once-Separated Opposites," Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vol. 5 (Fall 1978), 71-76; indexed in The Philosopher's Index, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Fall 1980), 157; abstracted in Journal of Sport History, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring 1982), 65.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Prolegomenon to a Philosophical Anthropology of Sport (Personalistic Monotheism, a Robust Sense of the Lived Body, and the Ecstasis of the Temporal Present; Cultural-Historical Characteristics Conducive to Sporting Activity as a Universal Form of Human Expression)," Philosophy in Context, Vol. 9 (1979), 95-101; indexed in The Philosopher's Index, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Spring 1980), 120.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "In Praise of Sport History: An Argument for Its Study," Canadian Journal of History of Sport and Physical Education, Vol. 10, No. 1 (May 1979), 1-6; abstracted in Journal of Sport History, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring 1982), 65.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "New Wine in Hellenic Bottles," Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, Vol. 51, No. 4 (April 1980), 21.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Physical Education and the Classical Ideal of the Scholar-Athlete," Journal of the Arizona Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Fall 1980), 10.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Hegelian Propaedeutic: An Odyssey for All Eras and for Everyman," Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, Vol. 5, Nos. 1, 2 (1980), 153-179; indexed in The Philosopher's Index, Vol. 16, No. 1 (Spring 1982), 99.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Mind-Body Problem in World Intellectual History: The Case of Sport in Personalistic Monotheism," Physical Education and Sport in the Jewish History and Culture. Third edition. Uriel Simri (ed.). Natanya, Israel: Wingate Institute for Physical Education and Sport, 1981, 19-30.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Capitalist and Socialist Interpretations of Modern Amateurism: An Essay on the Fundamental Difference," Olympism. Jeffrey Segrave and Donald Chu (eds.). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 1981, 42-46.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Sport Philosophy and Olympism: A Reaction and Elaboration," Olympism. Jeffrey Segrave and Donald Chu (eds.). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 1981, 329-332.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Modern Olympism in the Conjunction of Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Civilization: Olympism as the Transformative Concept of Purpose and the Human in Modern Sport," Olympism. Jeffrey Segrave and Donald Chu (eds.). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 1981, 347-362.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Some Reflections on the Curriculum of Sport Studies," Gymnasion: International Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Fall 1981), 26-31.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Physical Education and the Sublimation of Biology," New York State Journal for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Spring 1982), 3.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. Sport: A Humanistic Overview. Tempe, Arizona: Arizona State University, 1982; television videotape based on revised version: Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Sport: A Humanistic Overview," Arizona State University, 1983.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Omnes Studiosi ad Omnem Populum: The Universal Principle of Educational Enlightenment," Canadian Journal of History of Sport, Vol. 13, No. 2 (December 1982), 56-61.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Notes on the Nature and Significance of the Philosophy of Sport," Arizona Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Vol. 26, No. 1 (Spring 1984), 7.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Empiricistic Dualism: The Paradoxical Basis/Nemesis of Modern Physical Education," Quest, Vol. 36, No. 1 (1984), 61-65.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Perspective on the Nationalistic Politics of Olympic 'Boycott'," Olympism: A Movement of the People. Elizabeth R. Hall and Martin M. McIntyre (eds.). Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University, 1984, 48-51.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Philosophical Ground of Modern Socialist Sport," Quest, Vol. 37, No. 1 (1985), 16-26.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Professional Preparation in the Humanistic Dimensions of Physical Education and Sport Studies," Gymnasion: International Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 24, No. 4 (1987), 27-28.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. The Philosophy of Sport: An Overview. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes, 1991; reviewed in Journal of the Philosophy of Sport (Vol. 18 [1991]), Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Vol. 63, No. 2 [February 1992]).

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Notes on the Fundamental Nature and Purpose of Sporting and Related Activity," The Philosophy of Sport: An Overview. Robert G. Osterhoudt. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes, 1991, 327-433.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Humanistic Dimensions of Sport Studies, Unidimensional Humanity, and the Tyranny of Biology," Journal of the Arizona Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Vol. 28, No. 6 (Summer 1991), 3.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Tamboer, Kretchmar, and Loland: Sacred Texts for an Unholy Critique," Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vols. 20/21 (1993/1994), 91-101.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Journal of the Philosophy of Sport: From Faint Origins to Accomplished Scholarship," Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vols. 20/21 (1993/1994), 122-124.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "'Physicality': One Among the Internal Goods of Sport," Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, Vol. 23 (1996), 91-103.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "Philosophy of Sport," Vade Mecum: Directory of Sport Science. International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education (ed.). Berlin: International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education, 1998, 39-44.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. "The Grace and Disgrace of Race Walking (Kegyelmet kap vagy kegyvesztett lesz a gyaloglas?)," Sport Tudomany (Sport Science: Journal of the Hungarian Society of Sport Science), No. 3 (1999), 23-27; revised version published in Track Coach, No. 153 (Fall 2000), 4880-4883.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. Sport as a Form of Human Fulfillment: An Organic Philosophy of Sport History. 2 vols. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada: Trafford, 2006; revised edition (Victoria: Trafford, 2008); e-book edition (Paris: Mobipocket, 2008); cited in Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (Vol. 77, No. 9 [November/December 2006]), Directory of Sport Science, Fourth edition, 2007; reviewed in International Journal of Physical Education ("Selected Philosophy of Sport/Movement Culture Texts in English and Slavonic [2005-2006]," Vol. 43, No. 4 [2006]), Sport, Ethics and Philosophy (Vol. 2, No. 3 [December 2008]), Journal of Sport History (Vol. 35, No. 2 [Summer 2008]), Sport History Review (Vol. 40, No. 2 [November 2009]), Journal of the Philosophy of Sport (Vol. 37, No. 1 [2010]).

Osterhoudt, Robert G. Bobby Bumble: Portrait of a Diffident Academic and Ardent Sportsman as a Young and an Old Man. Columbia, South Carolina: Kindle, 2019.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. Sport as Such: A Concise Philosophical Essay. Columbia, South Carolina: Kindle, 2019.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. A Brief History of Philosophy: The Concise Case for Rational Humanism, Socialism, and Democracy; the Concise Argument against Materialism, Spiritualism, Capitalism, Communism, Plutocracy, Theocracy, and the Major World Religions. Columbia, South Carolina: Kindle, 2020.

Osterhoudt, Robert G. The Twilight of Authenticity: Bobby Bumble and the University of South-southeastern Umbrage County at Best. Columbia, South Carolina: Kindle, 2020.